Gerhard Richter

Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden

12 March 1994 – 08 May 1994

Acht Lernschwestern
Eight Student Nurses

1966 8 parts, each panel: 95 cm x 70 cm Catalogue Raisonné: 130

Oil on canvas

Eight Student Nurses consists of eight individual portraits.

The caption of the source image, a newspaper clipping, reads:


"Fieberhaft fahndet die Polizei von Chikago nach dem Massenmörder, der aus bisher ungeklärten Motiven am Donnerstag in einem Wohnheim acht Lernschwestern auf bestialische Weise ermordet hat (unser Bild zeigt die Opfer von links, Gloria Davy, Merlita Gargullo, Valentina Pasion, Suzanne Farris; unten: Patricia Matusek, Marianne Jordan, Nina Schmale und Pamela Wilkening). Eine neunte Schwester hatte sich verstecken und später die Polizei benachrichtigen können."


("The police of Chicago searches frantically for the mass murderer, who, for unknown reasons, brutishly killed eight student nurses in a dormitory on Thursday (our picture shows the victims from the left: Gloria Davy, Merlita Gargullo, Valentina Pasion, Suzanne Farris; below: Patricia Matusek, Mary Ann Jordan, Nina Schmale and Pamela Wilkening). A ninth nurse was able to hide and later call the police.")

The photographs, taken from a yearbook of the nurse’s school, combined with their circumstance of death seem to force a collective identity upon the women.

This artwork is based on an image included in Atlas:

This artwork was shown in the following exhibitions:

This artwork is included in the following publications:

Title Author Date

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern (2014)

Details

Hardback, 337 pages

ISBN

9783775735193

ISBN

3775735194

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: p. 76 

The publication Gerhard Richter. Editions 1965 – 2013 updates the catalogue raisonné of his editions that was published ten years earlier. This book includes additionally 35 new and hitherto unknown works

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Gerhard Richter. Editions 1965–2013 Butin, Hubertus / Gronert, Stefan / Olbricht, Thomas  2014

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern (2014)

Details

Hardback, 337 pages

ISBN

9783775735186

ISBN

3775735186

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: p. 77 

The publication Gerhard Richter. Editionen 1965 – 2013 updates the catalogue raisonné of his editions that was published ten years earlier. This book includes additionally 35 new and hitherto unknown works

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Gerhard Richter. Editionen 1965–2013 Butin, Hubertus / Gronert, Stefan / Olbricht, Thomas  2014

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern (2014)

Details

Hardback, 188 pages

ISBN

9783906053158

ISBN

9783775738057

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 14, 28-29, 96, 98, 100, 181 
Discussed: p. 24 
Illustrated: pp. 36 - 37 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The catalogue Gerhard Richter. Pictures / Series accompanies Gerhard Richter’s exhibition at the Fondation Beyeler. The show is curated by Hans Ulrich Obrist, a longstanding friend of Richter

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Gerhard Richter. Pictures / Series Didi-Huberman, Georges / Elger, Dietmar / Kono, Michiko / Obrist, Hans Ulrich / Schwarz, Dieter  2014

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern (2014)

Details

Hardback, 188 pages

ISBN

9783775738040

ISBN

9783906053141

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 14 - 15, 29, 96, 98, 100, 181 
Discussed: p. 24 
Illustrated: pp. 36 - 37 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The catalogue Gerhard Richter. Bilder / Serien accompanies Gerhard Richter’s eponymous exhibition at the Fondation Beyeler. The show is curated by Hans Ulrich Obrist, a longstanding friend of Richter

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Gerhard Richter. Bilder / Serien Didi-Huberman, Georges / Elger, Dietmar / Kono, Michiko / Obrist, Hans Ulrich / Schwarz, Dieter  2014

Publisher

Prestel, München (2012)

Details

Hardback, 305 pages

ISBN

9783791351896

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 169, 287 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Panorama. Retrospektive Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille / Borchardt-Hume, Achim / Dickson, Amy / Haidu, Rachel / Mehring, Christine  2012

Publisher

Édition du Centre Pompidou, Paris (2012)

Details

Hardback, 304 pages

ISBN

978284426574X

Language

French

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 169, 287 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Panorama. Rétrospective Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille / Borchardt-Hume, Achim / Dickson, Amy / Haidu, Rachel / Mehring, Christine  2012

Publisher

Tate Publishing (2011)

Details

Softcover, 304 pages

ISBN

9781854379443

ISBN

9781854379450

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 169, 287 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Panorama. A Retrospective Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille / Borchardt-Hume, Achim / Dickson, Amy / Haidu, Rachel / Mehring, Christine  2011

Publisher

Hirmer Verlag, München (2011)

Details

Hardback, 214 pages

ISBN

9783777434513

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 155, 210 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Bilder einer Epoche was published on the occasion of the exhibition at Bucerius Kunstforum in Hamburg in 2011. Both the exhibition and the catalogue focus on Richter’s paintings of the 1960s

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Gerhard Richter. Bilder einer Epoche Schneede, Uwe M. / Butin, Hubertus / Elger, Dietmar / Rübel, Dietmar / Westheider, Ortrud  2011

Publisher

Hirmer Publishers, Munich copublished by Heni Publishing, London and Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY and Paris (2011)

Details

Hardback, 214 pages

ISBN

9783777450018

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 155, 210 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Images of an Era was published on the occasion of the exhibition at Bucerius Kunstforum in Hamburg in 2011. Both the exhibition and the catalogue focus on Richter’s paintings of the 1960s

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Gerhard Richter. Images of an Era Schneede, Uwe M. / Butin, Hubertus / Elger, Dietmar / Rübel, Dietmar / Westheider, Ortrud  2011

Publisher

DuMont, Köln (2009)

Details

Hardback, 176 pages

ISBN

9783832191542

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 88, 89, 170 
Illustrated: pp. 94, 95 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The catalogue of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. Portraits at the National Portrait Gallery, London in 2009 focuses on Richter's portraiture

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Die Porträts von Gerhard Richter Moorhouse, Paul  2009

Publisher

National Portrait Gallery Publications, London (2009)

Details

Hardback, 176 pages

ISBN

9781855143975

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 88, 89, 170 
Illustrated: pp. 94, 95 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The catalogue of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. Portraits at the National Portrait Gallery, London in 2009 focuses on Richter's portraiture

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Gerhard Richter. Portraits. Painting Appearances Moorhouse, Paul  2009

Publisher

Wako Works of Art, Tokyo (2005)

Details

Hardback, 279 pages

ISBN

4473032558

Language

Japanese

Category

Monographs

Notes

Revised edition of "Texte. Schriften und Interviews", first published in 1993.

ArtworkIllustrated: p. 55 (b/w) 
Texte. Schriften und Interviews. Revised and Enlarged Edition Richter, Gerhard / Shimizu, Minoru  2005

Publisher

Pendo Verlag, München & Zürich (2005)

Details

Hardback, 304 pages

ISBN

3866120583

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: p. 18 
Ein Maler aus Deutschland. Gerhard Richter. Das Drama einer Familie Schreiber, Jürgen  2005

Publisher

Richter Verlag, Düsseldorf in association with D.A.P Distributed Art Publishers, New York, NY (2005)

Details

Hardback, 323 pages

ISBN

3937572201

ISBN

3926154764

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 97 

Exhibitions

This catalogue raisonné records Richter’s works in the years 1999-2004. In his work, Gerhard Richter calls into question painting's boundaries, and the labels applied to painting and theories connected with them

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Gerhard Richter. Werkverzeichnis 1993-2004 Zweite, Armin  2005

Publisher

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (2003)

Details

Softcover, 336 pages

ISBN

0870703552

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 43, 56, 153, 240, 250 
Discussed: pp. 55, 56 
Illustrated: pp. 28, 29 (b/w) 

Gerhard Richter is widely recognized as one of the most significant painters working today, and he is certainly among the most influential. He has worked in a wide range of media since the early 1960s

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Gerhard Richter. Doubt and Belief in Painting Storr, Robert  2003

Publisher

DuMont, Köln (2002)

Details

Hardback, 420 pages

ISBN

9783832158484

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 145, 163, 251, 441 

Gerhard Richter has been widely regarded as a publicity shy artist. However, the biography Gerhard Richter. Maler gives an insight into Richter’s personal history as well as into the development of his artistic œuvre

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Gerhard Richter. Maler Elger, Dietmar  2002

Publisher

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (2002)

Details

Hardback, Softcover, 340 pages

ISBN

189102437X

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 29, 39, 92 
Discussed: pp. 38, 39 
Illustrated: pp. 134, 135 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Published on the occasion of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. 40 Years of Painting at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, this publication represents a broad range of Gerhard Richter's paintings of the last 40 years

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Gerhard Richter. Forty Years of Painting Storr, Robert  2002

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2002)

Details

Hardback, 340 pages

ISBN

9783775711692

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 26, 92 
Discussed: pp. 36, 37 
Illustrated: pp. 134, 135 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Published on the occasion of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. 40 Years of Painting at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, this publication represents a broad range of Gerhard Richter's paintings of the last 40 years

...
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Gerhard Richter. Malerei Storr, Robert  2002

Publisher

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (2000)

Details

Hardback, 151 pages

ISBN

0870700235

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions

Notes

An additional German translation of Robert Storr's essay accompanies this publication published on the occasion of an exhibition "Gerhard Richter. October 18, 1977" at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

ArtworkMentioned: pp. 99, 120 
Illustrated: p. 120 (colour) 

Exhibitions

On October 18, 1977, three young German radicals, members of the militant Baader-Meinhof group, were found dead in a Stuttgart prison; they were pronounced suicides, but many people suspected they had been murdered

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Gerhard Richter. October 18, 1977 Storr, Robert  2000

Publisher

Gli Ori, Prato (1999)

Details

Softcover, 205 pages

ISBN

8887700079

Languages

Italian, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 13, 18, 27, 31, 50 
Illustrated: p. 51 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter Corà, Bruno / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D. / Chevrier, Jean Francois / Moscati, Italo  1999

Publisher

Folio-Verlag, Wien (1996)

Details

Softcover, 84 pages

ISBN

1881616835

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 11 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Paintings Weiermair, Peter / Siena, Pier Luigi  1996

Publisher

Munro-Unverzagt, Hamburg (1990)

Details

Softcover, 84 pages

ISBN

3980253805

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkDiscussed 

Exhibitions

Reihung. Ordnung muß sein, aber ist Sein Ordnung? Rockenschaub, Gerwald  1990

Publisher

Generalitat de Catalunya. Departament de Cultural, Barcelona (1990)

Details

Softcover, 139 pages

Languages

English, Spanish, Catalan, German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 18, 117, 131 

Exhibitions

Artistes de Colònia. Allò bell, allò sinistre Stals, José Lebero / Graw, Isabelle / Meinhardt, Johannes  1990

In

Du. Die Zeitschrift der Kultur

Issue

February 1989, No. 2, p. 99

Language

German

Category

Newspaper Articles
ArtworkMentioned: p. 99 
18. Oktober 1977 Ammann, Jean-Christophe  1989

Publisher

Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam (1989)

Details

Softcover, 166 pages

ISBN

9069180464

Languages

Dutch, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 20, 21, 32, 33, 40, 41 
Discussed: pp. 29, 30 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter 1988/89 Schampers, Karel / Tilroe, Anna / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D.  1989

Publisher

Galerie nächst St. Stefan, Wien (1988)

Details

Softcover, 220 pages

ISBN

3854150563

Languages

English, German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkDiscussed: pp. 89-90, 99 

Exhibitions

Abstrakte Malerei aus Amerika und Europa = Abstract Painting of America and Europe. Brice Marden, Gerhard Richter, Helmut Federle, Robert Mangold, Robert Ryman Schwarwälder, Rosemarie  1988

Publisher

Marian Goodman Gallery / Sperone Westwater, New York, NY (1987)

Details

Softcover, 46 pages

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkDiscussed: p. 5 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Paintings Rorimer, Anne / Zacharopoulos, Denys  1987
Gerhard Richter. Bilder = Paintings 1962 - 1985 Harten, Jürgen / Hering, Karl-Heinz / Honisch, Dieter / Loock, Ulrich / Ronte, Dieter / Elger, Dietmar  1986

Publisher

Verlag Aurel Bongers, Recklinghausen (1976)

Details

Hardback, 72 pages

ISBN

3764702877

Language

German

Category

Monographs

Notes

Monographien zur rheinisch-westfälischen Kunst der Gegenwart, Volume 50.

ArtworkMentioned: p. 18 
Gerhard Richter Honnef, Klaus  1976

Publisher

Museum Folkwang, Essen (1972)

Details

Hardback, 154 pages

Languages

Italian, German, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 8, 14, 39 
Illustrated: p. 55 (b/w) 
Gerhard Richter. 36. Biennale di Venezia, Padiglione tedesco = 36. Biennale in Venedig, Deutscher Pavilion = 36. Biennale in Venice, German Pavilion Honisch, Dieter / Helms, Dietrich / Honnef, Klaus / Ohff, Heinz / Dienst, Rolf Gunther / Schön, Rolf / Polke, Sigmar  1972

Publisher

Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf (1971)

Details

Softcover, 136 pages

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 9, 12 
Illustrated: pp. 35, 37 (b/w) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Arbeiten 1962-1971 Hering, Karl-Heinz / Helms, Dietrich  1971

Publisher

Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart (1967)

Details

Softcover, 84 pages

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 56 

Exhibitions

Figurationen. Horst Antes, George Baselitz, Sine Hansen. Fritz Köthe, Uwe Lausen, Konrad Lueg, Sigmar Polke, Gerhard Richter, Heinrich Richter, Michael Schoenholtz, Lambert Maria Wintersberger, Paul Wunderlich Honisch, Dieter  1967

2 related publications

Title Author Date
Gerhard Richter Alborch, Carmen / Corral, María de / Lebrero Stals, José / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D.  1994

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (1993)

Details

Softcover

ISBN

3893225544

Languages

German, English, French

Category

Solo Exhibitions

Notes

Three-volume box set.

Exhibitions

Three-volume box set. Vol. 1: Illustrated works in exhibition. This volume (196 pp) contains approximately 92 four-colour and black and white plates (272 total works reproduced)

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Gerhard Richter: Catalogue Raisonné 1962 - 1993 Pagé, Suzanne / Jacob, Wenzel / Springfield, Björn / König, Kasper / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D.  1993