The Heroic Century: The Museum of Modern Art Masterpieces, 200 Paintings and Sculptures

Museum of Fine Arts Houston (MFAH), Houston, USA

21 September 2003 – 04 January 2004

Erhängte
Hanged

1988 200 cm x 140 cm Catalogue Raisonné: 668

Oil on canvas

The painting Hanged depicts Gudrun Ensslin, a leading member of the Red Army Faction (RAF), that hanged herself on the bars of her cell in the prison Stuttgart-Stammheim. Gerhard Richter references a photograph that policemen took after discovering the body in the morning of 18th October 1977. The original is kept in the archives of the public prosecution department in Stuttgart[1].

 

Framed by a dark blanket that hangs on the left of the door to Ensslin’s cell and the white wall on the right side the centre of the image reveals a dark body that is set apart from the bright light emanating from the window. The legs can’t be distinguished well in the grey streaks, the body seams to float in the air. The painting appears heavily blurred compared to the original photograph but the brush strokes are less discernible in this work than in others, creating a balanced play of grey tones. Contrary to the paintings of the other dead terrorists (Man Shot Down 1 and 2 [CR: 669/1-2] and Dead 1 to 3 [CR: 667/1-3]), Richter does not use any jet-black colour in Hanged and the contrasts are less elaborate[2], reinforcing the overall haziness of the painting[3]. By using different levels of brightness like the dark fog at bottom left, the paintings balance is thrown off centre and a dramatic atmosphere is created. At the same time the chiaroscuro subtly steers the gaze of the viewer in a certain direction[4]. The blurring seems to gyrate around the centre of the image and thus focus the viewer’s gaze on the dead body. Compared to the photograph, the arms, shoulders and torso of Gudrun Ensslin face away from the window so her body is put on a level with someone hanged at the gallows[5]. The heavy amount of blurring brings to mind the edited photographs that can be found in Richter’s Atlas [Sheets: 470-479] already outlining his intentions for the cycle.

 

While working on October 18, 1977 Richter originally painted two versions of Hanged[6]. The second version was executed with stronger contrasts and appeared to be less blurred, pointing to a concept similar to the series depicting the dead Meinhof and Baader[7]. Before exhibiting the cycle for the first time Richter separated this painting from the others and painted over it, creating Blanket [CR: 680-3]. The title alludes to the blanket that is visible in both paintings. It was draped over Ensslin’s dead body when the police officers found her and was put to the site before taking the photo. Despite the overpainting parts of the blanket can still be seen in the upper left corner[8]. It also hinders the gaze of the viewer from falling directly on the dead body and thus operates against the implicit voyeurism which is emphasized by blurring all the details. The apparitional body seems to float in the room[9]. Just as in other paintings of the cycle Richter refuses to give in to the sensationalism lit by the media and returns to a more objective viewing of the RAF terrorists that is mainly characterised by sadness[10]. It almost seems as if Richter is trying to detract the image from the viewer completely by painting over the second version.



[1] Robert Storr (ed.), Gerhard Richter. October 18, 1977, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2000, p. 149.

[2] Ortrud Westheider, “Eine Idee, die bis zum Tod geht. Der Zyklus 18. Oktober 1977” in: Uwe M. Schneede (ed.), Gerhard Richter. Bilder einer Epoche, exh. cat. Bucerius Kunst-Forum, Munich, 2011, p. 160.

[3] Cf. Uwe M. Schneede (ed.): Gerhard Richter. Bilder einer Epoche, exh. cat. Bucerius Kunst-Forum, Munich, 2011, p. 156.

[4] Martin Henatsch, Gerhard Richter – 18. Oktober 1977. Das verwischte Bild der Geschichte, Fischer, Frankfurt, 1998, p. 80.

[5] Storr 2000, pp. 108-109.

[6] Robert Storr talks of three versions of the painting but apparently refers to the translation of Richter’s notes for the press conference at Haus Esters in 1988 where it says: „Three times Ensslin, hanged… “ (Notes for a press conference November-December (held at Museum Haus Esters, Krefeld, February 1989), 1988 (translated by David Britt) in: Gerhard Richter. Text. Writings, Interviews and Letters 1961-2007. Thames & Hudson, London, 2009, p. 203.) The German edition of the text however (Cf. Notizen November (für die Pressekonferenz Februar 1989 – Museum Haus Esters, Krefeld), 1988 in: Gerhard Richter. Text 1961 bis 2007. Schriften, Interviews, Briefe, Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Köln, 2008, p. 206.) only mentions two versions. As this is the original version of the text and Storr does not seem to have encountered a third painting (that is not mentioned in the Catalogue Raisonné as well) this text assumes there are only two versions.

[7] Another version can be seen on a photograph taken by Timm Rautert in Gerhard Richter’s studio. Cf. Schneede 2011, p. 156.

[8] Westheider 2011, p. 160.

[9] Ibid. 2011, p. 160.

[10] Achim Borchardt-Hume, “’Dreh Dich nicht um’ – Richters Bilder aus den späten 1980er-Jahren“ in: Mark Godfrey, Nicholas Serota, Dorothée Brill, Camille Morineau (ed.), Gerhard Richter. Panorama, exh. cat. Neue Nationalgalerie Berlin, Munich, 2012, pp. 167-168.


Notes prepared by editorial team

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, USA



This artwork was shown in the following exhibitions:

This artwork is included in the following publications:

Title Author Date

Publisher

Heni Publishing, London (2019)

Details

Softcover, 176 pages

ISBN

9781912122240

Language

English

Category

Monographs

Notes

A series of seven interviews between art curator Hans Ulrich Obrist and visual artist Gerhard Richter.

ArtworkMentioned: pp. 121, 159, 160, 174 
The Richter Interviews Obrist, Hans Ulrich / Richter, Gerhard  2019

Publisher

Walther König, Köln (2018)

Editor

Elger, Dietmar

Details

Hardback, 190 pages

ISBN

978-3-96098-273-9

Language

German

Category

Monographs

Notes

Series "Schriften des Gerhard Richter Archiv Dresden ; vol. 15"

ArtworkMentioned: pp. 61, 64, 65, 71, 75, 76, 95, 101 
Wo Es war. Vier Briefe an Gerhard Richter Didi-Huberman, Georges  2018

Publisher

University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis (2018)

Details

Softcover, 352 pages

ISBN

978-1-5179-0045-8

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkDiscussed 
The Truth is Always Grey. A History of Modernist Painting Guerin, Frances   2018

Publisher

The National Gallery in Prague, Prague (2017)

Details

Softcover, 205 pages

ISBN

9788070356463

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkDiscussed: pp. 16-17 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter Elger, Dietmar / Fajt, Jiří   2017

Publisher

Textem Verlag, Hamburg (2017)

Details

Softcover, 247 pages

ISBN

9783864851292

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 66, 101-102, 132, 137-138 
Illustrated: p. 62 (b/w) 
B: Blickfänger Härtel, Insa / Pazzini, Karl-Josef  2017

Publisher

Queensland Art Gallery | Gallery of Modern Art, Queensland (2017)

Details

Hardback, 159 pages

ISBN

9781921503870

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 55 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: The Life of Images Hawker, Rosemary  2017

Publisher

University of Chicago Press, Chicago (2017)

Details

Softcover, 147 pages

ISBN

9780226370163

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: p. 107 
Discussed: pp. 89, 92-96, 98-99 
Photography, Trace, and Trauma Iversen, Margaret  2017

Publisher

The New York Review of Books, New York (2017)

Details

Softcover, 276 pages

ISBN

9781681370866

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 131-132 
Typewriters, Bombs, Jellyfish: Essays McCarthy, Tom  2017

Publisher

Duke University Press, Durham (2017)

Details

Softcover, 163 pages

ISBN

9780822370017

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 10, 27-28, 36, 63, 66, 94 
Discussed: pp. 70-76 
Unconsolable Contemporary: Observing Gerhard Richter Rabinow, Paul  2017

Publisher

Mercatorfonds and WIELS, Brussels (2017)

Editor

Snauwaert, Dirk

Details

Softcover, 224 pages

ISBN

9780300229141

Language

English

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 59 

Exhibitions

The Absent Museum Snauwaert, Dirk / Borja-Villel, Manuel / David, Catherine / Esche, Charles  2017

Publisher

Heni Publishing, London (2017)

Editor

Pietropaolo, Francesca

Details

Hardback, 925 pages

ISBN

9780993010354

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 710, 716-717, 726 
Discussed: pp. 709, 738-739 
Robert Storr: Interviews on Art Storr, Robert  2017

Publisher

Edition Folkwang / Steidl, Göttingen (2017)

Editor

Museum Folkwang

Details

Softcover, 63 pages

ISBN

9783958293564

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 44 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: Die Editionen   2017

Publisher

Hirmer Verlag, München (2017)

Editor

Schreier, Christoph / Kunstmuseum Bonn

Details

Softcover, 128 pages

ISBN

9783777428970

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 19, 24 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: Über Malen / Frühe Bilder   2017

Publisher

Routledge, Abingdon (2016)

Details

Hardback, 244 pages

ISBN

9781472409560

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 173, 175, 178, 184-185 
Discussed: pp. 7, 160-162, 164, 168-169, 171-172 
Illustrated: p. 153 (b/w) 
The Artwork of Gerhard Richter. Painting, critical theory and cultural transformation Ansted, Darryn  2016

Publisher

Wako Works of Art Co., Ltd, Tokyo (2016)

Details

Softcover, 79 pages

ISBN

9784902070460

Languages

Japanese, English

Category

Collections
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 37, 75 
Gerhard Richter. 14 Panes of Glass for Toyoshima, dedicated to futility Elger, Dietmar / Hayashi, Sumi  2016

Publisher

Wienand Verlag, Krefeld (2016)

Editor

Hentschel, Martin

Details

Hardback, 558 pages

ISBN

9783868323290

Languages

German, English

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 21, 360 

Exhibitions

Das Abenteuer unserer Sammlung Kunst nach 1945 aus den Kunstmuseen Krefeld Hentschel, Martin / Holzhey, Magdalena / Janzen, Thomas / Martin, Sylvia  2016

Publisher

Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center, Moscow (2016)

Editor

Allenova, Ekaterina / d'Amora, Delphine

Details

Softcover, 151 pages

ISBN

9785905110818

Languages

Russian, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 143, 149, 150 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: Abstraction and Appearance Moorhouse, Paul  2016

Publisher

Kerber Verlag, Bielefeld (2016)

Editor

Hager, Martin

Details

Hardback, 191 pages

ISBN

9783735602589

Languages

Latvian, English, German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 184 

Exhibitions

Elective Affinities. German Art since the Late 1960s   2016

Publisher

Deutscher Verlag, Berlin (2015)

Details

480 pages

ISBN

9783422073111

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: p. 55 
The Düsseldorf Art Academy. Making History since 1945 Kunstakademie Düsseldorf   2015

Publisher

Bloomsbury Academic, London (2015)

Details

Hardback, 237 pages

ISBN

9781472589019

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 11, 13, 14, 21-22, 83, 113, 117, 120, 122-123, 151-155, 174, 177-178, 219 
Discussed: pp. 139-145 
The Art of Gerhard Richter. Hermeneutics, Images, Meaning Lotz, Christian  2015

Publisher

Wako Works of Art Co., Tokyo (2015)

Details

Softcover, 71 pages

ISBN

9784902070453

Languages

Japanese, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 33 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: Painting Shimizu, Minoru  2015

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern (2014)

Editor

Obrist, Hans Ulrich

Details

Hardback, 188 pages

ISBN

9783906053158

ISBN

9783775738057

Language

English, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 14, 16, 24, 25, 97-98, 176, 182 
Illustrated: p. 63 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The catalogue Gerhard Richter. Pictures / Series accompanies Gerhard Richter’s exhibition at the Fondation Beyeler. The show is curated by Hans Ulrich Obrist, a longstanding friend of Richter

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter: Pictures / Series Didi-Huberman, Georges / Elger, Dietmar / Kono, Michiko / Obrist, Hans Ulrich / Schwarz, Dieter  2014

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern (2014)

Editor

Obrist, Hans Ulrich

Details

Hardback, 188 pages

ISBN

978-3775738040

ISBN

3775738045

Language

German, German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 14, 16, 24, 25, 97-98, 176, 182 
Illustrated: p. 63 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The catalogue Gerhard Richter. Bilder / Serien accompanies Gerhard Richter’s eponymous exhibition at the Fondation Beyeler. The show is curated by Hans Ulrich Obrist, a longstanding friend of Richter

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter: Bilder / Serien Didi-Huberman, Georges / Elger, Dietmar / Kono, Michiko / Obrist, Hans Ulrich / Schwarz, Dieter  2014
Time Present. Photography from The Deutsche Bank Collection Krause, Stefan / Koerner von Gustorf, Oliver / Cloete, Alan / Chadha, Gunit / Hütte, Friedhelm / Liebscher, Martin / Campany, David  2014
Time Present. Photography from the Deutsche Bank Collection Ng, Rachel / März, Christina / Hütte, Friedhelm / Lingham, Susie / Lim, Philip  2014

Publisher

British Museum Press, London (2014)

Details

Hardback, 192 pages

ISBN

9780714126906

ISBN

071412690X

Language

English, English

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 149 

Exhibitions

Germany Divided. Baselitz and his Generation. From the Duerckheim Collection Stonard, John-Paul / MacGregor, Neil  2014

Publisher

Prestel, München (2012)

Editor

Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille

Details

Hardback, 305 pages

ISBN

9783791351896

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 11, 165, 123, 136, 167, 168, 172, 202, 212, 291, 292, 298 
Discussed: pp. 165, 167, 168-170, 174 
Illustrated: p. 184 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: Panorama: Retrospektive Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille / Borchardt-Hume, Achim / Dickson, Amy / Haidu, Rachel / Mehring, Christine  2012

Publisher

Édition du Centre Pompidou, Paris (2012)

Editor

Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille

Details

Hardback, 304 pages

ISBN

978-2844265746

ISBN

284426574X

Languages

French, English, French, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 13, 123, 131, 172, 174, 175, 202, 212, 288, 290, 298 
Discussed: pp. 165, 174 
Illustrated: p. 184 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter, Panorama: une rétrospective = a retrospective Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille / Borchardt-Hume, Achim / Dickson, Amy / Haidu, Rachel / Mehring, Christine  2012

Publisher

Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Köln (2011)

Details

Hardback, 862 pages

ISBN

9783863350567

Language

German

Category

Monographs

Notes

2nd ed.

ArtworkMentioned: pp. 8, 13, 14 

The catalogue Gerhard Richter. Atlas displays 783 plates of Gerhard Richter’s Atlas. Atlas is a collection of photographs, newspaper cuttings and sketches, which the artist compiled and then arranged on single sheets

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Atlas Friedel, Helmut  2011

Publisher

Marsilio, Venezia (2011)

Details

Softcover, 219 pages

ISBN

9788831711128

Language

Italian

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 55, 107, 150 
Il bordo del mondo: La forma sguardo nella pittura di Gerhard Richter Garbin, Emanuele  2011

Publisher

Tate Publishing, London (2011)

Details

Softcover, 288 pages

ISBN

1854379453

ISBN

978-1854379450

Language

English, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 10, 11, 123, 129, 175, 211-212, 298, 299 
Discussed: pp. 165-170 
Illustrated: p. 184 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: Panorama: A Retrospective Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille / Borchardt-Hume, Achim / Dickson, Amy / Haidu, Rachel / Mehring, Christine  2011

Publisher

Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg (2011)

Editor

Gaßner, Hubertus / Mund, Heike

Details

Softcover, 64 pages

ISBN

9783938002339

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 25 

Exhibitions

Übermalt, Verwischt, Ausgelöscht: Das Porträt im 20. Jahrhundert Mund, Henrike  2011

Publisher

Hirmer Verlag, München (2011)

Details

Hardback, 214 pages

ISBN

9783777434513

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 163, 177 
Discussed: pp. 159-160 
Illustrated: pp. 156 (b/w), 160, 181, 203 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Bilder einer Epoche was published on the occasion of the exhibition at Bucerius Kunstforum in Hamburg in 2011. Both the exhibition and the catalogue focus on Richter’s paintings of the 1960s

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Bilder einer Epoche Schneede, Uwe M. / Butin, Hubertus / Elger, Dietmar / Rübel, Dietmar / Westheider, Ortrud  2011

Publisher

Hirmer Publishers, Munich copublished by Heni Publishing, London and Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, NY and Paris (2011)

Details

Hardback, 214 pages

ISBN

9783777450018

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 7, 9, 10, 23, 97, 163, 177, 202, 210, 211 
Discussed: pp. 110-111, 154-193, 159-160, 
Illustrated: pp. 156 (b/w), 160, 181, 203 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Images of an Era was published on the occasion of the exhibition at Bucerius Kunstforum in Hamburg in 2011. Both the exhibition and the catalogue focus on Richter’s paintings of the 1960s

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Images of an Era Schneede, Uwe M. / Butin, Hubertus / Elger, Dietmar / Rübel, Dietmar / Westheider, Ortrud  2011

Publisher

Sandstein Verlag, Dresden (2010)

Details

Softcover, 47 pages

ISBN

9783942422222

Language

German

Category

Monographs

Notes

Series "Schriften des Gerhard Richter Archiv Dresden ; vol. 7"

ArtworkMentioned: p. 32 

Gerhard Richter in der Dresdener Galerie is the 7th volume from the publications of the Gerhard Richter Archive Dresden

...
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Gerhard Richter in der Dresdener Galerie. Schriften des Gerhard Richter Archiv Dresden ; Bd. 7 Elger, Dietmar  2010

Publisher

Tate Publishing, London (2010)

Details

Softcover, 96 pages

ISBN

9781854379641

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 50, 57, 58, 60, 71, 73 
Discussed: pp. 38-43 
Illustrated: p. 36 (b/w) 

In this publication, eminent American scholar and curator Robert Storr offers an authoritative consideration of September, Richter’s 2005 painting made in response to the attacks on the WorldTrade Center of 11 September 2001

...
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September. A History Painting by Gerhard Richter Storr, Robert  2010

Publisher

University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL (2009)

Details

Hardback, 408 pages

ISBN

9780226203232

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 92, 152, 193, 322, 331, 338, 341 
Discussed: pp. 281-284, 300-310 
Illustrated: p. 287 (b/w) 

Gerhard Richter has been widely regarded as a publicity shy artist. However, the biography Gerhard Richter. A Life in Painting gives an insight into Richter’s personal history as well as into the development of his artistic œuvre

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. A Life in Painting Elger, Dietmar  2009

Publisher

Kulturstiftung der Länder in Verbindung mit dem Gerhard Richter Archiv, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden (2009)

Details

Softcover, 32 pages

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: p. 30 

This issue of the Patrimonia series was published on the occasion of the acquisition of the painting Portrait Dr. Knobloch of 1964 by Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden in 2009

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Porträt Dr. Knobloch (Patrimonia 344) Elger, Dietmar / Roth, Martin / Stange, Eva-Maria  2009

Issue

2009, pp. 256–273

Language

English

Category

Essays

Notes

Book chapter no. 17 of
 
Rediscovering aesthetics : transdisciplinary voices from art history, philosophy, and art practice / edited by Francis Halsall, Julia Jansen, and Tony O'Connor.
Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 2009
ISBN: 9780804759915
322 pages
ArtworkDiscussed 
The Richter effect on the regeneration of aesthetics Kelly, Michael  2009

Publisher

Actes Sud, Arles (2009)

Details

Hardback, 138 pages

ISBN

9782742782864

Language

French

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkDiscussed: pp. 22, 45 

Exhibitions

This catalogue was published on the occasion of the exhibition Richter en France at the Musée de Grenoble in 2009. Both the exhibition and catalogue are dedicated to works by Gerhard Richter that belong to public collections and museums in France

...
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Richter en France Tosatto, Guy / Criqui, Jean-Pierre / Storsve, Jonas  2009

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2008)

Details

Hardback, 184 pages

ISBN

9783775721363

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkDiscussed: p. 30 

Exhibitions

The catalogue Gerhard Richter: Bilder aus privaten Sammlungen was published to coincide with exhibitions in Baden-Baden, Beijing, Edinburgh, Vienna and Duisburg in 2008 and 2009

...
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Gerhard Richter. Bilder aus privaten Sammlungen Adriani, Götz / Schwarz, Dieter  2008

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern-Ruit (2008)

Details

Hardback, 144 pages

ISBN

9783775723442

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 87, 92 

Exhibitions

The catalogue was published to coincide with the exhibition Gerhard Richter: 4900 Colours at the Serpentine Gallery in London in 2008

...
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Gerhard Richter. 4900 Colours Buchloh, Benjamin H. D. / Gidal, Peter / Pelzer, Birgit / Peyton-Jones, Julia / Obrist, Hans Ulrich  2008

Publisher

DuMont, Köln (2008)

Details

Softcover, 415 pages

ISBN

9783832190651

Language

German

Category

Monographs

Notes

Corrected and extended new edition.

ArtworkMentioned: pp. 7, 112, 175, 194, 296, 315-317, 319-343, 359, 365, 369, 374-377, 387 
Discussed: p. 320 
Illustrated: p. 323 (b/w) 

Gerhard Richter has been widely regarded as a publicity shy artist. However, the biography Gerhard Richter, Maler gives an insight into Richter’s personal history as well as into the development of his artistic œuvre

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter, Maler Elger, Dietmar  2008

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2008)

Details

Hardback, 160 pages

ISBN

3775722483

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 33 

Exhibitions

The book was published on the occasion of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. Abstrakte Bilder at Museum Ludwig, Cologne and Haus der Kunst, Munich. The exhibitions were dedicated to Gerhard Richter’s abstract pictures

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter: Abstrakte Bilder Wilmes, Ulrich / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D. / Söntgen, Beate / Stemmrich, Gregor  2008

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2008)

Details

Hardback, 160 pages

ISBN

9783775722490

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 33 

Exhibitions

The book was published on the occasion of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. Abstrakte Bilder at Museum Ludwig, Cologne and Haus der Kunst, Munich. The exhibitions were dedicated to Gerhard Richter’s abstract pictures

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Large Abstracts Wilmes, Ulrich / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D. / Söntgen, Beate / Stemmrich, Gregor  2008

Publisher

Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Köln (2006)

Details

Hardback, 862 pages

ISBN

9783883758015

Language

German

Category

Monographs

Notes

Encyclopedic new edition that completely revises and updates the 1997 edition and includes 147 additional plates.

ArtworkMentioned: pp. 8, 13, 14 

At 864 pages, this monumental and comprehensive publication maps the ideas, processes, life and times of Gerhard Richter. Conceived and closely edited by Richter himself, Atlas cuts straight to the heart of the artist's work

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Atlas Friedel, Helmut  2006

Publisher

Thames & Hudson, London (2006)

Details

Hardback, 862 pages

ISBN

9780500970171

Language

English

Category

Monographs

Notes

Encyclopedic new edition,which completely revises and updates the 1997 edition and includes 147 additional plates.

ArtworkMentioned: pp. 8, 13, 14 

At 864 pages, this monumental and comprehensive publication maps the ideas, processes, life and times of Gerhard Richter. Conceived and closely edited by Richter himself, Atlas cuts straight to the heart of the artist's work

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Atlas Friedel, Helmut  2006

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostildern-Ruit (2006)

Details

Hardback, 224 pages

ISBN

9783775717243

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 41, 56, 57, 60, 92 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Portraits is the first publication that focuses solely on Richter’s portraits, many of which have now gained both recognition and veneration across the globe

...
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Gerhard Richter. Portraits Gronert, Stefan / Butin, Hubertus  2006

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern-Ruit (2006)

Details

Hardback, 224 pages

ISBN

9783775717250

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 41, 55, 56-57, 60-61, 92 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Portraits is the first publication that focuses solely on Richter’s portraits, many of which have now gained both recognition and veneration across the globe

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Gerhard Richter. Portraits Gronert, Stefan / Butin, Hubertus  2006

Publisher

Wako Works of Art, Tokyo (2005)

Details

Hardback, 279 pages

ISBN

4473032558

Language

Japanese

Category

Monographs

Notes

Revised edition of "Texte. Schriften und Interviews", first published in 1993.

ArtworkIllustrated: p. 93 (b/w) 
Texte: Schriften und Interviews: Revised and Enlarged Edition Richter, Gerhard / Shimizu, Minoru  2005

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit / Museum Franz Gertsch, Burgdorf (2005)

Details

Hardback, 96 pages

ISBN

9783775715836

Languages

German, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 15, 16 
Illustrated: p. 16 (b/w) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Ohne Farbe = Without Color Spieler, Reinhard / Gelshorn, Julian / Kania, Elke / Krystof, Doris  2005

Publisher

Richter Verlag, Düsseldorf in association with D.A.P Distributed Art Publishers, New York, NY (2005)

Details

Hardback, 324 pages

ISBN

9783937572215

ISBN

393757221X

Language

English, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 11, 21, 39-40 

Exhibitions

This catalogue raisonné records Richter’s works in the years 1993-2004. In his work, Gerhard Richter calls into question painting's boundaries, and the labels applied to painting and theories connected with them

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Gerhard Richter. Catalogue Raisonné 1993–2004 Zweite, Armin  2005
Gerhard Richter: Editionen 1965-2004 Butin, Hubertus / Gronert, Stefan  2004
Gerhard Richter: Editions 1965-2004   2004

Publisher

The Museum of Modern Art New York, New York, NY (2003)

Details

Hardback, 351 pages

ISBN

0870707000

ISBN

9780870707001

Language

English, English

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 303 
Illustrated: p. 316 (b/w) 

Exhibitions

Visions of Modern Art. Painting and Sculpture from the Museum of Modern Art Elderfield, John / Lowry, Glenn D. / Ganz, Sarah / Storr, Robert / Umland, Anne / Daftari, Fereshteh  2003

Publisher

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (2003)

Details

Softcover, 336 pages

ISBN

0870703552

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 113, 117, 118, 198, 243  
Discussed: p. 245 
Illustrated: p. 191 (b/w) 

Gerhard Richter is widely recognized as one of the most significant painters working today, and he is certainly among the most influential. He has worked in a wide range of media since the early 1960s

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Gerhard Richter. Doubt and Belief in Painting Storr, Robert  2003

Publisher

DuMont, Köln (2002)

Details

Hardback, 420 pages

ISBN

9783832158484

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 362, 406, 425, 430 
Discussed: pp. 122, 356, 366, 377 
Illustrated: p. 363 (b/w) 

Gerhard Richter has been widely regarded as a publicity shy artist. However, the biography Gerhard Richter, Maler gives an insight into Richter’s personal history as well as into the development of his artistic œuvre

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Gerhard Richter, Maler Elger, Dietmar  2002

Publisher

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (2002)

Details

Hardback, Softcover, 340 pages

ISBN

189102437X

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 72, 76 
Illustrated: p. 213 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Published on the occasion of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. 40 Years of Painting at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, this publication represents a broad range of Gerhard Richter's paintings of the last 40 years

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Gerhard Richter. Forty Years of Painting Storr, Robert  2002

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2002)

Details

Hardback, 340 pages

ISBN

9783775711692

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 71, 75 
Illustrated: p. 213 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Published on the occasion of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. 40 Years of Painting at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, this publication represents a broad range of Gerhard Richter's paintings of the last 40 years

...
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Gerhard Richter. Malerei Storr, Robert  2002

Publisher

Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Köln (2001)

Details

Hardback, 79 pages

ISBN

388375479X

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 6 

Exhibitions

The catalogue Gerhard Richter. Survey accompanies the eponymous exhibition of the German Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen (IfA), which has been composed by Gerhard Richter himself

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Gerhard Richter. Survey Schwarz, Dieter / Zeller, Ursula / Adriani, Götz  2001

Publisher

Richter Verlag, Düsseldorf (2000)

Details

Hardback, 340 pages

ISBN

9783933807045

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: p. 32 

This catalogue raisonné of Gerhard Richter's drawings encompasses works in pencil, India ink, ballpoint pen, and other drawing media, on both paper and canvas since 1964

...
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Gerhard Richter. Drawings 1964-1999. Catalogue Raisonné Schwarz, Dieter / Pelzer, Birgit  2000

Publisher

Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Köln (2000)

Details

Hardback, 80 pages

ISBN

3883754161

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 6 

Exhibitions

The catalogue Gerhard Richter. Übersicht accompanies the eponymous exhibition of the German Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen (IfA), which has been composed by Gerhard Richter himself

...
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Gerhard Richter. Übersicht Schwarz, Dieter / Zeller, Ursula / Adriani, Götz  2000

Publisher

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (2000)

Details

Hardback, 151 pages

ISBN

0870700235

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions

Notes

An additional German translation of Robert Storr's essay accompanies this publication published on the occasion of an exhibition "Gerhard Richter. October 18, 1977" at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

ArtworkMentioned: pp. 28, 105 
Discussed: pp. 108-109 
Illustrated: p. 15 (b/w) 

Exhibitions

On October 18, 1977, three young German radicals, members of the militant Baader-Meinhof group, were found dead in a Stuttgart prison; they were pronounced suicides, but many people suspected they had been murdered

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Gerhard Richter. October 18, 1977 Storr, Robert  2000

Publisher

Gli Ori, Prato (1999)

Details

Softcover, 205 pages

ISBN

8887700079

Languages

Italian, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 13, 14, 27, 166, 171, 176, 181, 182 
Discussed: pp. 21, 34, 35, 167, 177 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter Corà, Bruno / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D. / Chevrier, Jean Francois / Moscati, Italo  1999

In

Parachute

Issue

January - March 1999, No. 93, pp. 21–27

Language

French

Category

Essays
L'image-événement. Représentations de la terreur dans l'œuvre de Willie Doherty et de Gerhard Richter Lavoie, Vincent  1999

Publisher

Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt a. M. (1998)

Details

Softcover, 172 pages

ISBN

345833937X

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 64, 83 
Illustrated: p. 85 (b/w) 
Gerhard Richter, 18. Oktober 1977. Eine Kunst-Monographie Hemken, Kai-Uwe  1998

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern-Ruit (1996)

Details

Hardback, 153 pages

ISBN

3775791000

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 148 

Exhibitions

Designed by the artist himself, this publication gives a rare insight into one of the most intensive work periods (1995–1996) of Richter’s life

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Gerhard Richter. 100 Pictures Obrist, Hans Ulrich / Pelzer, Birgit / Tosatto, Guy  1996

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (1996)

Details

Hardback, 153 pages

ISBN

3893228519

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 150 

Exhibitions

Designed by the artist himself, this publication gives a rare insight into one of the most intensive work periods (1995–1996) of Richter’s life

...
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Gerhard Richter. 100 Bilder Obrist, Hans Ulrich / Pelzer, Birgit / Tosatto, Guy  1996

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (1996)

Details

Hardback, 311 pages

ISBN

3893228608

Languages

English, German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 36, 46 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter, Sigmar Polke, Arnulf Rainer. Sammlung Frieder Burda = Collection Frieder Burda Poetter, Jochen / Brehm, Margrit / Möckel, Birgit  1996

Publisher

Anthony D'Offay, London (1995)

Details

Softcover, 60 pages

ISBN

0947564667

Languages

German, English

Category

Monographs

Notes

The book is published in a limited edition of 1000 copies that are signed by the artist.

ArtworkMentioned: pp. 5, 6, 58, 59 

Exhibitions

This limited edition reproduces in facsimile each of the twenty-three Richter works executed on pages of the book Stammheim. Der Prozess gegen die Rote Armee Fraktion by Pieter H. Bakker Schut

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Stammheim. Gerhard Richter Seymour, Anne  1995

Publisher

Verlag für Moderne Kunst, Nürnberg (1992)

Details

Softcover, 24 pages

ISBN

3928342215

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 8 

Exhibitions

Aus der Sammlung. Nach 25 Jahren Grisebach, Lucius / Braunsberg, Günter  1992

Publisher

Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Köln (1991)

Details

Softcover, 64 pages

ISBN

3883751413

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkDiscussed: p. 17 
Illustrated: p. 18 (b/w) 
Zu Richters Oktober-Bildern Butin, Hubertus  1991

Publisher

Tate Publishing, London (1991)

Details

144 pages

ISBN

9781854370846

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: pp. 38, 119 (b/w) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter Rainbird, Sean / Severne, Judith  1991

Publisher

Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main (1991)

Editor

Ammann, Jean-Christophe / Präger, Christmut

Details

Softcover, 137 pages

ISBN

3882704640

Languages

German, English

Category

Collections
ArtworkMentioned 
Discussed 
Illustrated: p. 20 (colour) 
Museum für Moderne Kunst und Sammlung Ströher   1991

In

Du. Die Zeitschrift der Kultur

Issue

February 1989, Vol. 49, No. 2, p. 99

ISSN

0012-6837

Language

German

Category

Newspaper Articles

Notes

Reprinted in "Presseberichte zu Gerhard Richter '18. Oktober 1977'".

ArtworkDiscussed: p. 99 
Read Article
18. Oktober 1977 Ammann, Jean-Christophe  1989

Publisher

Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam (1989)

Details

Softcover, 166 pages

ISBN

9069180464

Languages

Dutch, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 161 
Discussed: pp. 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 
Illustrated: p. 93 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter 1988/89 Schampers, Karel / Tilroe, Anna / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D.  1989

1 related publication

Title Author Date

Publisher

The Museum of Modern Art New York, New York, NY (2003)

Details

Hardback, 351 pages

ISBN

0870707000

ISBN

9780870707001

Language

English, English

Category

Group Exhibitions

Exhibitions

Visions of Modern Art. Painting and Sculpture from the Museum of Modern Art Elderfield, John / Lowry, Glenn D. / Ganz, Sarah / Storr, Robert / Umland, Anne / Daftari, Fereshteh  2003